1. Use With
  2. Web Components

Use With

Web Components

MIT License Latest Release Github

Using Twind with Custom Elements and Shadow DOM

This guide shows how Custom Elements can have their styles separated without having the side effect of polluting the root document's styles.


In modern browsers this integration uses Constructable Stylesheet Objects and adoptedStyleSheets for optimal performance. In legacy browsers, it falls back to using separate style elements (one per element instance) that are all kept in sync.

  1. Install from npm

    @twind/core and @twind/with-web-components are available on npm and need to be installed together.

    npm install @twind/core @twind/with-web-components
  2. Define the configuration

    Using an extra file, twind.config.js, allows some tools like IntelliSense to find your configuration.

    import { defineConfig } from '@twind/core'
    export default defineConfig({
      /* @twind/with-web-components will use
       * hashed class names in production by default
       * If you don't want this, uncomment the next line
      // hash: false,
  3. Create a Custom Element

    install creates a mixin that can be used to enhance elements with a shared stylesheet, generates styles for all used CSS classes and adds this.tw (the twind instance) to the element instance.

    The mixin function can be used with several elements — they all will share the same twind instance.

    import install from '@twind/with-web-components'
    import config from './twind.config'
    const withTwind = install(config)
    class TwindElement extends withTwind(HTMLElement) {
      constructor() {
        const shadow = this.attachShadow({ mode: 'open' })
        shadow.innerHTML = `<h1 class="text-3xl font-bold underline">Hello world!</h1>`
    customElements.define('twind-element', TwindElement)
  4. Optional: Install and configure the recommended presets @twind/preset-autoprefix and @twind/preset-tailwind.

    Install the presets

    All presets are available on npm.

    npm install @twind/preset-autoprefix @twind/preset-tailwind

    Configure the presets

    Each preset must be added to the presets array in the configuration.

    import { defineConfig } from '@twind/core'
    import presetAutoprefix from '@twind/preset-autoprefix'
    import presetTailwind from '@twind/preset-tailwind'
    export default defineConfig({
      presets: [presetAutoprefix(), presetTailwind()],